Section and Section Project Groups

The Cardiovascular Dynamics section is led by Xavier Monnet and Bernd Saugel.

Section Project Groups :

  • ECHO Project Group: VIEILLARD-BARON Antoine
    > To promote and support research and education on echocardiography in ICU.
  • Haemodynamic monitoring: MONNET Xavier
    > To promote and support research and education on haemodynamic monitoring in ICUs.
  • Monitoring of sublingual microcirculation

CD News




Format: Virtual
Dates: March 14-15, 2022

This e-Master Class is the result of a joint educational action between EuroELSO and ESICM to provide specialised training in extracorporeal techniques to healthcare professionals interested in the field.

This master class will employ highly interactive lectures, talk to the expert sessions, progressive case-based fundamentals, immersive virtual reality, with common and parallel routes tailored to the different profiles, from senior to junior physicians, perfusionists and nurses.


Format: Virtual
Dates: April 6-8, 2022

The master class on Haemodynamics is a 3-day digital event that provides participants with a solid view of the field of cardiovascular physiology and haemodynamic monitoring in the ICU. A high level of interaction is the core feature of these 3 days of learning.

This will be guaranteed by a significant amount of time dedicated to interactive lectures, focus sessions, case-based discussions, gamification and immersive learning through virtual reality.


Free live webinars are available for members & non members on the ESICM Media Library.

Research – Research Projects

FENICE (Fluid Challenges in Intensive Care) is a multicentre observational trial designed and conducted by the ESICM Trials Group to investigate how fluids are administered in critically ill patients.

The purpose of this study is to evaluate how fluids are administered and how frequently fluid administration results in a positive haemodynamic response.

Fluid challenges in intensive care: the FENICE study – A global inception cohort study.

> Read more

Cardiovascular Monitoring & Management in Austrian, German and Swiss Intensive Care Units. The objective of this multicentre study was to analyse the reality of haemodynamic monitoring and therapy of the critically ill in Austrian, German and Swiss intensive care units. This included acquisition of data on which types of haemodynamic monitoring clinicians have available in their ICU.

This study also aimed to investigate which indications lead to therapy decisions and/or extension of haemodynamic monitoring and which parameters serve as therapeutic goals. Additionally, this study investigated how the extension of haemodynamic monitoring guides and modifies therapeutic decisions and strategies in clinical practice.

Funcke S et al. Practice of haemodynamic monitoring and management in German, Austrian, and Swiss intensive care units: the multicentre cross-sectional ICU-CardioMan Study.

Research – Surveys

Use of CARdiovascular Drugs in Shock. In shock, organs are hypoperfused leading to dysfunction or death at a cellular level, as well as disruption in cardiovascular functions. Cardiovascular drugs are often used to manage patients in this state, despite the lack of consensus on their use.

This survey from the Cardiovascular Dynamics Section aimed to evaluate the indications, current practice, and therapeutic goals in European ICUs on the use of cardiovascular drugs in the treatment of shock states.

Publication: Scheeren T.W.L et al. 2019. Current use of vasopressors in septic shock

Intra-abdominal Hypertension and Abdominal Compartment Syndrome World Survey.

This survey, endorsed by ESICM and WSACS, is part of a research project which aims to determine the impact, if any, of the 2013 World Society of the Abdominal Compartment Syndrome (WSACS) IAH/ACS Consensus Definitions/Clinical Management Guidelines, IAP measurement practices, on IAH/ACS clinical awareness and management.

Results from this survey will be compared with those obtained from a similar survey conducted in 2007.

This project was conducted by Dr RD Wise, a member of the WSCAS Clinical Trials Working Group, supported by WSACS and led by Pr Manu Malbrain.

Variation in red cell transfusion practice in the ICU: an international survey.

The INOX-ICU 1 team: S. A Willems Bsc, Sesmu Arbous MD/PhD, Prof. J. Kesecioglu MD/PhD, Prof. J. van der Bom MD/PhD, Prof. S. le Cessie PhD, P.J. Marang-van de Mheen PhD, F. Kranenburg MD/PhD

This survey aims to estimate the extent of variation in transfusion decisions within four clinical scenarios. This knowledge can add to further improve personalised care with respect to transfusion practice in critically ill patients.

Relevant Research

Alba M Antequera Martín et al. Buffered solutions versus 0.9% saline for resuscitation in critically ill adults and children.
> Read more 

Paul Mayo et al. The ICM research agenda on critical care ultrasonography.
> Read more 

Elie Azoulay et al. The Intensive Care Medicine research agenda on critically ill oncology and haematology patients.
> Read more

Article Reviews

Better characterisation of circulatory failure associated with septic shock
> Read the article review

A new perspective for Oxygen Therapy in Suspected Acute Myocardial Infarction
The DETO2X-AMI is the largest trial to date investigating the effect of oxygen therapy in patients with suspected IMA with no hypoxaemia at baseline, both in the prehospital and hospital setting.
> Read the article review

Angiotensin II for the Treatment of Vasodilatory Shock
Vasodilatory shock is a severe clinical condition characterised by acute reduction of vascular resistance leading to systemic hypoperfusion, multi-organ dysfunction and death.
> Read the article review

Conservative fluid management: Turn off the tap after use?
In the recently published updated guidelines by the Surviving Sepsis Campaign, fluid administration is the mainstay of initial resuscitation of septic patients and it should be performed early
> Read this article review

Restricting volumes of resuscitation fluid in adults with septic shock: CLASSIC Trial
The administration of fluid optimises intravascular volume and perfusion pressure of vital organs, excessive fluid administration can be detrimental.
> Read this article review

Cardiac output measurements: Echocardiography vs. thermodilution.
The clinical standard is considered to be intermittent thermodilution technique based on the Stewart–Hamilton equation. This technique has its limitations, including variability in serial measurements of CO and rare, but potentially serious, complications.
> Read this article review