ESICM members are welcome to participate in research surveys covering important aspects of intensive care medicine. These surveys, proposed by experts in the field, are endorsed by the ESICM Research Committee and offer a great opportunity to advance knowledge and often stimulate further research. Since 2012, ESICM has endorsed 43 surveys and continues to support initiatives in intensive care medicine.

Do you have a survey you would like ESICM to endorse?

Fill in the application form and forward it here.


The Squeeze micro-survey is about the use of vasopressors in the immediate postoperative period. The responses will inform an international observational study of this topic. This survey has 8 questions and should take you between 2 and 3 minutes.

This survey has been endorsed by ESICM- POIC  Section and ESA.

Complete the survey here.


Ongoing survey


The survey is part of a study Initiated in the ESICM POIC Section, this is a European Society of Anaesthesiology Clinical Trial Network (ESA CTN) sponsored study and it has been endorsed by ESICM.

SQUEEZE is a prospective multi-centre international observational study of postoperative vasopressor usage.

The goal is to evaluate the proportion of non-cardiac surgical patients receiving postoperative vasopressors, the characteristics of patients, surgery and anaesthesia that lead to postoperative vasopressor use.

The Squeeze micro-survey is about the use of vasopressors in the immediate postoperative period. The responses will inform an international observational study of this topic.

Steering Committee: Ib Jammer (Norway), Ben Creagh-Brown (UK), Lui Forni (UK), Ramani Moonesinghe (UK) and Hannah Wunsch (Canada).

Ongoing survey

Transfusion practice on the intensive care unit: an international online survey – The TRACE Survey

Since international transfusion guidelines specifically for the intensive care setting are lacking, we hypothesise that a large variation in transfusion practice exists.

The ESICM Transfusion Guideline Taskforce is currently preparing the first European transfusion guideline specifically for the intensive care setting.

The aim of this survey is to use the information gathered as a baseline measurement prior to implementation of the new European transfusion guideline, and use it for future comparison to determine whether the guideline resulted in a change of practice.

Steering Committee: S. de Bruin MD, A.P.J. Vlaar MD/PhD, Prof. J. Bakker MD/PhD, Prof. T. Scheeren MD/PhD


In contrast to most transfusion practice surveys, this survey is not limited to red cells transfusion, but also includes transfusion practice of plasma and platelet concentrates.

This survey has been endorsed by ESICM and the Cardiovascular Dynamics section and the ESICM Transfusion Guideline Taskforce.

Complete the survey here.

Contact: S. de Bruin MD


The survey consists of 25 questions involving the prescription and practice of fluid removal during intermittent haemodialysis, sustained low-efficiency dialysis, prolonged intermittent renal replacement therapy, extended daily dialysis or continuous renal replacement therapy. However, not each question applies to all care providers.

Complete the survey here.

Contact: Dr. Raghavan Murugan

Ongoing Survey


A Survey of Fluid Removal Practices During Renal Replacement Therapy in Critically Ill Patients (FluidRRT).

The purpose of this research survey is to study the attitudes of care providers towards fluid removal practices during renal replacement therapy for critically ill patients with oliguric acute kidney injury and fluid overload in an adult intensive care unit.
This survey has been endorsed by ESICM and AKI Section.

The study was approved by the Human Research Protection Office of the University of Pittsburgh.

The Principal Investigator is Dr. Raghavan Murugan, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, USA.

Steering Committee: Professor Eric Hoste, University of Ghent, Ghent-Belgium, Chair of AKI section and Dr Marlies Ostermann Guy’s & St Thomas’ Hospital, London-UK

Ongoing Survey

Transfusion Decisions in European ICUs

Despite clinical research showing benefits of restrictive red blood cell transfusion triggers, guidelines remain inconclusive about precise indications for the individual patient. Variation in transfusion practice still exists, possibly caused by physicians taking into account multiple clinical factors (besides haemoglobin concentrations).

This survey aims to estimate the extent of variation in transfusion decisions within four clinical scenarios. This knowledge can add to further improve personalised care with respect to transfusion practice in critically ill patients.

The INOX-ICU 1 team:
S. A Willems Bsc, Sesmu Arbous MD/PhD, Prof. J. Kesecioglu MD/PhD, Prof. J. van der Bom MD/PhD, Prof. S. le Cessie PhD, P.J. Marang-van de Mheen PhD, F. Kranenburg MD/PhD


After some general questions, you will have four cases related to different patients admitted with anaemia.

What is your decision regarding red blood cell transfusion? Which were the most important factors that influenced your decision?

Complete the survey here.

Contact: S. A Willems


After some general questions on your ICU, there are a series of questions on various issues such as on bacteriological analyses, medical imaging, medical data and patient monitoring, haemodynamic monitoring, equipment, ICU techniques and procedures and so on.

Complete the survey here.


Ongoing Survey


International survey on the Structure and Organisation of the Intensive Care Unit (ISOREA).

The objective is to evaluate the current structure and organisation of ICUs in a very large sample of countries with low, middle and high income, given the scarcity of data in this area.

This survey has been endorsed by the Société de Réanimation de Langue Française (SRLF), by the Subsaharian Society for Anesthesia and Intensive Care (SARANF) and by ESICM.

It is organised by Pr. Armand MEKONTSO DESSAP, Medical ICU, Henri Mondor University Hospital, Créteil, France

Ongoing Survey

CHANGE IT! State of the art on paediatric and neonatal lung/heart transplantation in Europe

Lung or heart/lung transplantation is rarely performed in infants and neonates. Only a few life-threatening and extremely rare conditions may pose a viable indication for such an early transplant. Good results have been reported also in some of the smallest patients in North American centres, providing some encouraging results for increased transplantation in this patient group.

The scope of CHANGE IT! is to take a picture of physicians awareness, and knowledge about lung/heart transplantation and related conditions in Europe. From this point onwards other steps could be taken to improve the health of the most vulnerable patients in Europe.


This survey from the ESPNIC Respiratory Section and endorsed by ESICM aims to assess the current state of paediatric (<12 m old) and neonatal lung (or heart/lung) transplantation including physicians’ awareness knowledge across Europe. Results from this survey will be used to initiate further steps to improve outcomes in the most vulnerable and ill patients in Europe.

Complete the survey here.

Contact: Daniele De Luca

Completed Surveys

List of ESICM completed surveys


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