July 7, 2023

New free webinar

Replay available


The term Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome (ARDS) is applied to a spectrum of conditions with different etiologies that share common clinical-pathological characteristics.

The recognition that patients with ARDS are susceptible to additional lung injury induced by mechanical ventilation (ventilator-induced lung injury, VILI) has led to lung-protective strategies designed to reduce total stress (transpulmonary pressure) and strain (the ratio between tidal volume and functional residual capacity) on the aerated lung tissue.

An overview of the clinical practices of the last 30 years on ARDS management and the development of new strategies to protect the lungs while treating ARDS was made. Results were formulated in a set of guidelines and addressed three broad topics within ARDS: definition, phenotyping, and respiratory support strategies.

Learning Outcomes

  • Discuss the need to update the clinical practice guidelines published by ESICM in 2017.
  • Learn about the methodology used for the formulation of the new clinical practice guidelines.
  • Present the results of the new guidelines and their clinical application.


Fondazione IRCCS Ca’ Granda Ospedale Maggiore Policlinico, Milano (IT).

Carolyn CALFEE
University of California, San Francisco (USA).

Guy’s and St Thomas’ NHS Foundation Trust, London (UK). 


Maurizio CECCONI
Humanitas Research Hospital, Rozzano (IT). ESICM Past President.

Giuseppe CITERIO
San Gerardo Hospital, Monza (IT). Intensive Care Medicine Journal Editor-in-Chief.


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