New developments that every intensivist should know about…..

Cardiology

Prof S Price

COVID-19

2020 Acute Coronary Syndromes (ACS) in Patients Presenting without Persistent ST-Segment Elevation (Management of) Guidelines

  • Rapid rule in/rule out algorithms now recommended to use ESC 0h/1h algorithm ( or 1h/2h algorithm (second best option) if a hs-cTn test with a validated algorithm is available
  • If elective non-invasive/invasive imaging is needed after the rule-out of MI, invasive angiography is the best option in those with a very high clinical likelihood of UA. Stress testing with imaging or CCTA is best in those with low-to-modest clinical risk.
  • Rhythm monitoring for up to 24 h or to PCI (whichever comes first) is recommended for those at low risk for arrhythmias and monitoring >24h if at increased risk
  • Early routine invasive approach within 24 hours for NSTEMI based on hs-cTn measurements, GRACE score >140, dynamic/new STT changes.

Clinical application of the 4th Universal Definition of Myocardial Infarction

Temporary circulatory support for cardiogenic shock

Pulmonology

EJ Nossent

Potential therapies

Pirfenidone for idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis: analysis of pooled data from three multinational phase 3 trials

Efficacy and Safety of Nintedanib in Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis

Nintedanib for Systemic Sclerosis–Associated Interstitial Lung Disease

Nintedanib in Progressive Fibrosing Interstitial Lung Diseases

Take home message

  • ILD is not one disease
  • Acute excacerbation in every type of ILD
  • The landscape is changing; finally…
  • Position antifibrotic therapy fibrotic ILD not clear yet; immunosuppressants.

From the disease lung fibrosis to criteria, towards phenotyping, towards personalized medicine.

Neurology

Prof S Koch

COVID-19

Conclusion

EID risk is increasing due to climate change and loss of biodiversity
-> we need to adress this now

Neurological manifestation of Covid-19 occur in ~ 36%

Cerebrovasculare Manifestions occur in ~ 5% of Covid-19 patients based on
–pathological coagulation or hyperinflammation
–includes younger patients or patients with typical riskfactors
–leads to more severe outcome
-> check carefully coagulation parameters and risk factors

Altered conscious state is seen in ~ 65% of Covid-19 ICU patients
–based on encephalopathy or seizures
-> EEG monitoring, MRI

Anaesthesiology

S Loer

Optimizing preoperative fluid therapy Encourage use of clear carbohydrate drinks up until 2 h prior to surgery!

  • Less catabolism
  • Less postoperative nausea and vomiting
  • Less insulin resistance
  • Less perioperative anxiety

Intraoperative fluids

Impact of intraoperative goal-directed fluid therapy on major morbidity and mortality after transthoracic oesophagectomy: a multicentre, randomised controlled trial

Perioperative goal-directed therapy: what’s the best study design to investigate its impact on patient outcome?

Anesthesia-induced immune modulation

Post-op delirium

Postoperative delirium: perioperative assessment, risk reduction, and management

Post-op pain